One of the common gynaecologic cancer is uterine cancer. However, this cancer type is not common in women younger than 45. Often it occurs after the age of 50. Frequent bleeding after menopause is one of the classic signs of uterine cancer. Nothing can be so good as contacting your gyne doctor on the first notice.
The two of its types include endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma. Endometrial cancer refers to cancer of the inner lining of the womb that is endometrium. On the other side, uterine sarcoma refers to cancer of the wall of the uterus which is the myometrium. Talk to the leading gynaecologist andobstetrician in Siliguri.
Signs and symptoms of uterine cancer
Given below are signs that may indicate the malignant growth in or outside the uterus:
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
- Heavier periods
- Abnormal watery discharge
- Abdominal pain
- Pelvic pain
- Bleeding between periods
- Prolonged period
No doubt, some of these symptoms resemble other gynaecological problems. Do not delay seeing your healthcare provider if you have any of these signs. Undergoing prolonged periods is also alarming. Health conditions like ovulation changes, certain medicine intake, uterine fibroids, hypothyroidism, pelvic inflammatory disease, obesity, or miscarriage may result in prolonged periods.
A growing body of research shows many risk factors. But the exact cause of developing uterine cancer is still unknown. Below are contributing factors of the condition:
- Menstruation at an early age
- Exposure to radiation therapy
- Estrogen imbalance
- Never having been pregnant
- Type 2 diabetes
Wise to get medical consultancy and lifestyle modifications. Do consider expert guidance before taking supplements, especially if you’re on medication. Things that put your health at risk of numerous diseases include – physical inactivity, obesity, consumption of alcohol, tobacco, processed foods, poor sleep quality, stress, etc.
Diagnosis and Medical Care
Tests and clinical procedures rule out the extension of cancerous growth. Therefore, diagnosis is key to healing every medical condition. Your doctor may ask for the types of symptoms you develop, check your medical history, do a pelvic examination, etc. Lab tests are also there, such as blood tests. Imaging tests like CT scans, transvaginal ultrasounds, MRIs help determine the condition.
An endometrial biopsy involves inserting a thin tube through the cervix into your uterus. Removal of a small portion of endometrium doctors send to lab test. Specialists may suggest procedures like hysteroscopy to get compact images of the womb. Type 1 endometrial/uterine cancer is less likely to spread to further tissues. Whereas, type 2 spreads quickly outside the womb.
Surgery is the most prominent treatment for uterine cancer, including the removal of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Not every condition requires the removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes. In combination with surgery, doctors may recommend radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy. Reach out to your expert today.