Reproductive concerns have become a common health complaint. Among females, conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome, menstrual disorders, endometriosis, uterine fibroids may interfere with conceiving. Conditions like ejaculation issues, low sperm motility, low testosterone, chromosome defects, undescended testicles may cause conceiving concerns.
Fertility treatments can solve related conditions but not all. Therefore, holding a realistic perspective is essential before getting into treatment. In vitro fertilization is a prominent name of a clinical process that helps individuals in conceiving. Get in touch with the most trusted IVF specialist in Siliguri city.
What Is IVF & How Does It Works?
Test tube baby is a regular term for what is clinically called IVF (in vitro fertilization). Both are the same procedure. Vitro means tube/glass, where medical experts fertilize mature eggs with sperm. This procedure appears to be the most effective of all assisted reproductive technology (ART).
Generally, this medical procedure is safe. Women undergoing such a process mostly experience a healthy pregnancy. However, every medical procedure involves risks. And IVF is no exception. Be sure to understand the process first. Your doctor accounts for explaining the procedure and its risks.
Some common reasons why IVF fails:
- Poor-egg quality
- Poor sperm quality
- Embryo implantation failure
- Defective uterus
- Chromosome abnormalities
- Low ovarian response/reserve
- A genetic disease
- Lifestyle choices
- Uncontrolled pre-existing health conditions like hypertension, diabetes
Lifestyle choices like alcohol, smoking, unhealthy eating, physical inactivity, or stress can affect the success of the procedure. Sometimes, it takes two to three cycles to attain a successful outcome. Doctors let you know how your lifestyle should be during this period. In order to achieve a successful pregnancy, the following things may help:
- Day-to-day moderate exercise/yoga
- Weight management
- Not taking supplements without medical consultation
- Nutritious diet
- No alcohol, tobacco smoking, or substance-dependency
- Avoid packed/processed foods and high sugar intake
- Meditation practices
- Quality sleep at night
- Proper rest
- Stress management
Make sure if you’re on medication, do not stop taking it without expert advice such as hypertension meds or thyroid meds. Before receiving this clinical procedure, one needs to manage/treat an underlying condition. For example, if endometriosis affects conceiving, here you need treatment for that first. Talk to the leading IVF specialist in Siliguri, North Bengal.
Overview of the IVF Process
Types of screening and tests are required. Prior to undergoing IVF, doctors may order ovarian reserve testing, semen evaluation, screening for infectious conditions, prolactin test, uterine exam, mock embryo transfer, et al. Once the tests get done, here doctors help you prepare for the procedure.
The very step is ovulation induction in which synthetic hormones are given for stimulating the ovaries to produce eggs. Specialists might prescribe several meds like meds for ovarian stimulation, or meds for preparing for the uterus lining. Blood tests and vaginal ultrasounds are essential this time.
The next step is egg retrieval. During this time, your doctor gives you pain medicines and sedatives. After that, an ultrasound probe your medical expert inserts into your vagina. Now, this ultrasound guides a fine needle to reach your ovaries. A suction tube connecting the needle takes out eggs from each follicle. Eggs taken out from the follicles are placed in a culture medium.
Semen retrieval is when you’re using your partner’s sperm. Medical healthcare provider ensures guidance on it. In the lab, experts separate sperm from the seminal fluid/semen. An embryologist assists fertilization of mature eggs by intracytoplasmic sperm injection/ICSI. On successful fertilization, the egg turns into an embryo. Here the developed embryo an expert transfers into your uterus.
The procedure takes five to six days from egg retrieval. Again, the doctor gives you mild sedatives to cut off any discomfort. A flexible, thin tube advanced by the doctor enters your vagina to the cervix into the womb. A syringe that involves one or more embryos helps implant the embryos in your uterus.
You might experience discomforts like mild bloating, light lower abdominal cramping similar to menstrual cramping, constipation, breast tenderness. Do not skip medical appointments as suggested. Focus on healthy eating and a strategic lifestyle guided by your healthcare provider.