5 Widely-Experienced Gynaecological Problems

5 Widely-Experienced Gynaecological Problems


Gynaecological concerns in women are nothing new. Most individuals go through such problems. So, when you need to worry is a common question. Lower abdominal discomforts during the period, known as menstrual cramps, can range from mild to severe. Even mild pain can be unbearable for some individuals.

Be sure to consult your gyne doctor so as to determine if there’s any underlying reason. This blog shares five gynaecological problems. The more delay seeing an expert, the more risk of health hazards. You might consult the leading gynaecologist and obstetrician doctors in Siliguri. Read on to know further.

Here are five common gynecological problems:

#1 Dysmenorrhea

This is probably the most common gynecological condition marked by painful menstrual periods. Prostaglandin is a chemical that results in uterine contraction. If it contracts too strongly, it may reduce the oxygen supply to the nearby blood vessels of the uterus. Primary dysmenorrhea doesn’t include underlying pathology.

Here secondary dysmenorrhea involves an underlying condition, such as - the uterine lining growing into the uterine muscle, benign tumors inside/in the walls or outside the uterus, narrowing of the cervix, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis.

#2 Endometriosis

Another common female reproductive health concern is endometriosis in which tissue similar to the uterine lining grows outside the uterus. Very painful menstruation, painful sexual intercourse, heavy periods, back pain/abdominal pain during periods, vaginal bleeding, painful bowel movement, and difficulty getting pregnant/infertility are some possible signs of this gynecological disorder.

#3 Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

It’s a hormonal disorder characterized by ovary enlargement with several small fluid sacs built on the outer edge of the ovary, called cysts. Irregular periods, excess facial/body hair in women, heavy menstrual bleeding, acne-prone skin, male pattern baldness, and excessive weight gain, may indicate PCOS. In case PCOS remains poorly managed or undiagnosed can contribute to infertility in women.

#4 Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence that men can also have is more common in women. In simple terms, this is a loss of bladder control, leading to urine leakage. It can occur when you laugh, sneeze, cough, lift weights, or exercise, ranging from mild to extreme. Talk to your gynecologist on early notice of urine leakage. Expert guidance benefits your well-being.

#5 Uterine Fibroids

The presence of benign tumours (non-cancerous) tumours in and around the uterus often takes place during the childbearing years. Typically, these fibroids do not increase the risk of uterine cancer. You may have uterine fibroids without symptoms that can be possible.

Common signs here can be heavy menstrual bleeding, constipation, pelvic pressure, frequent urination, difficulty emptying the bladder, leg pains, backache, pelvic pain, periods lasting longer than a week, spotting between periods, unexplained anemia, etc. Basically, uterine fibroids don’t cause infertility. But submucosal fibroids (tumours that bulge into the surface of the uterine lining) here increase the chance. Consult your obstetrician today. 

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